Biography | Martin Luther King: Civil Rights (1968)

Learn about Martin Luther King's family life, his role in the Civil Rights Movement, and his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. Explore how his leadership won him a Nobel Peace Prize and prompted sweeping civil rights legislation despite his assassination in

Martin Luther King Jr. (January 15, 1929-April 4, 1968) was an American Christian minister and activist who became the most visible spokesperson and leader in the civil rights movement from 1955 until his assassination in 1968. Born in Atlanta, Georgia, King is best known for advancing civil rights through nonviolence and civil disobedience, inspired by his Christian beliefs and the nonviolent activism of Mahatma Gandhi.


King led the 1955 Montgomery bus boycott and in 1957 became the first president of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). He helped organize the 1963 March on Washington, where he delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech.

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