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Ancient Architects #History and Archaeology

The Mysterious Owner of the Last Pyramid of Giza in Egypt

The Giza Plateau in Egypt may hold a secret that could re-write the history books, that there is in fact a female pharaoh that ruled Egypt in the Old Kingdom, making her the oldest female ruler of a kingdom in recorded history - a new bright insight into Ancient Egyptian history.

In the past, I have made a video on a crude pyramid-like structure just east of the Khafre and Menkaure Pyramid at Giza. It is said to belong to Khentkawas, a royal woman who lived during the fourth and fifth dynasties.

Experts believe she is the daughter of Menkaure and the wife of either Shepseskaf or Userkaf, or both, the latter being the founder of Egypt’s 5th dynasty.

Her pyramid-like mastaba is Tomb LG100 on the Giza Plateau and its proximity to the pyramid of Menkaure is believed to indicate a close relationship with this 4th dynasty king.

But who was Khentkawes? What do we really know about her? It is thanks to a paper I’ve recently been reading by Jane Mulder, available here:​ that may shed light on this important, yet somewhat unknown ancient royal figure.

Her tomb is said to be the last one built at Giza and when excavated in 1932 by Dr Selim Hassan, inscriptions were found on fragments of the tomb’s granite gateway.

They were translated as “King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Mother of the King of Upper and Lower Egypt, Daughter of the God, every good thing which she orders is done for her: Khentkawes.”

Watch this video to learn more and to find out why the Pyramid of Khentkawes (or Khentkaus) of Giza and the Pyramid of Khentkawes at Abusir may have actually been built for the same person, a Queen who ruled Egypt in the two years between the 4th and 5th dynasty of Ancient Egyptian history.

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