Is the gravitational constant, G, really a constant? Or does it change with time, or with space, or with scale in the Universe?! And if it did, could this help solve the crisis in cosmology?! Or even be an explanation for dark energy and the accelerated expansion of the universe?
A big thanks to Dr Harry Desmond, my colleague at Oxford who is an expert on modified gravity theories, for very helpful discussion while I prepared this video.
00:00 - Introduction to G
01:15 - Measuring G on Earth, a brief history
02:39 - The 3 questions you can ask
04:02 - Does G vary with time?
07:04 - Can G changing with time explain dark energy effects?
08:56 - Does G vary with position in space? Measuring G in the LMC
11:11 - Does G vary with scale?
13:30 - A recap on the crisis in cosmology
14:17 - Jordan-Brans-Dicke theory, scalar fields and no-slip gravity
16:10 - Does a variable G solve the crisis in cosmology?
17:35 - The Euclid mission could help
19:01 - Bloopers